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Yoga and Pilates: what are the similarities and fundamental differences
- Yoga: features and benefits
- The basics of Pilates
- How similar yoga and Pilates
- Yoga or Pilates: what will help to lose weight
- What is better for back
- Contraindications to fitness training
- How to make a choice
Many people like to engage in a calm types of fitness. They don’t need intense cardio, strength training they are also not attracted. Such people often choose Pilates or yoga. To understand which of these popular types of physical activity suits you, it is necessary to consider all pros, cons, and see how they differ from each other.
Yoga: features and benefits
Yoga is not just gymnastics. This ancient practice based on the unity of the inner world and the physical shell of a man. Static postures (asanas) aims to promote harmony and emotional balance.
Hold positions in statics allows us to develop the body. But the main message of yoga is spiritual perfection. In addition to exercise, she also includes meditation and breathing exercises to cleanse the body and mind. Those who practice yoga say that it is not just a sport but a way of life.
Great attention is paid to the classroom to the development of concentration and control over emotions. Helps in this specific technique of breathing through the nose.
Yoga appeared in the III century BC Since then it has managed to arise several of its branches. The most popular is Hatha yoga, which is also divided into many styles.
Feature of yoga is that despite the seeming simplicity of the lessons, this practice requires a certain level of training. Some asanas cannot be performed while the lack of flexibility and muscle strength. Therefore, beginners in fitness ought to carefully choose the direction of yoga, and focus primarily on courses for beginners.
The basics of Pilates
Pilates — a system of exercises aimed at strengthening the corset muscles, development of flexibility and coordination. All exercises are performed in slow tempo, and the emphasis of the lessons is to strengthen the back muscles and the press. Why Pilates is recommended for people suffering from osteochondrosis and other diseases of the spine or joints. Regular exercise help to get rid of the clamps, return mobility to the vertebrae, normalize blood circulation in the tissues.
The workouts in this system are suitable even for beginners, as it does not require special physical training. The main principles of Pilates include the following:
The main goal of Pilates is to learn to control the body. After school should not feel the surge, because the training much attention is paid to relaxation.
How similar yoga and Pilates
For all their differences, yoga and Pilates are similar in many ways.
Yoga or Pilates: what will help to lose weight
Neither Pilates nor yoga are not the ultimate goal of weight loss. They help strengthen and heal the body. Harmony is just a nice addition to other regular sessions. But if you choose from these two directions, it is more effective for weight loss yoga.
The exercises in Pilates are performed slowly, not allowing to burn more than 200 kcal per hour. Static muscle tension and study of all parts of the body with yoga contribute to higher energy consumption.
Classic practice involves those muscles that are impossible to load on a normal fitness training. For best results, you can do a special kind of yoga, includes weights and cardio (power ioga). During such exercises burns 400-500 kcal per hour.
And Pilates and yoga can be used to maintain weight after weight loss.
What is better for back
Pilates was originally developed as a system for the rehabilitation of injured dancers, circus performers, and later used to restore the military. It is widely used by those who have back problems. Exercise system Pilates off the blocks, strengthen muscular corset, bring the spine in a stable position, normalize blood circulation and improve tissue nutrition.
Back condition with regular practice of yoga also improves. However, this is not as fast as after training on the system of Pilates. When back problems to begin classes only after consulting your doctor. About existing medical conditions must notify the instructor. This will help him to plan activities so that exercise was as effective and safe.
Contraindications to fitness training
Like any form of exercise, yoga and Pilates have their contraindications. These include lesions of the brain and spinal cord, diseases of the joints infectious origin, schizophrenia, malignant tumor, severe cardiovascular disease, increased intracranial pressure, arterial hypertension of 2-3 degrees.
Yoga cannot be dealt with in the period of exacerbation of chronic diseases, and Pilates — high body temperature, recent fractures, acute spinal hernia.
After surgery is possible to do not earlier than six months.
How to make a choice
When choosing the right direction, consider the following factors.
- The level of training.
For beginners Pilates is more suitable. And there is yoga for beginners, but to do it you should at least at a minimum level of physical fitness.
- The purpose of training.
If you want to strengthen the muscle corset, get rid of back pain, align posture, then Pilates is the perfect direction. Yoga allows you to improve the entire body. But mostly she focused on spiritual growth, harmony, physical and mental state. If you are looking for a way to get rid of stress and to learn to control your emotions, choose yoga.
- The load type.
In Pilates uses dynamic exercises of low intensity. Asanas most types of yoga are performed in statics.
The practice of yoga only requires a Mat. In Pilates sometimes used the fitball, fitness bands, rollers.
- Time for classes.
What time of the day to choose to practice depends on the particular person. But in most cases yoga secrete the morning. Pilates, mostly in the evenings.
- The ability to work independently.
Pilates can be mastered by videokurs. The asanas and breathing exercises in yoga it is necessary to control. So the first time the presence of the instructor required.
To finally determine the choice, you can try each of the areas. Practical classes will show you what is right for you.
Uses photographs Shutterstock