Modern active women are increasingly choosing boxing as a sports hobby. What attracts the fair sex to this sport, which is traditionally considered to be male? Are boxing good for women? We will understand these and other issues in this article.
It is known that fist fights with the participation of women took place in ancient Greece – such fights were popular among the Spartans. Modern boxing was born at the beginning of the XVIII century in England. At the same time, women's battles took place and women were tried according to the same rules as men. In the future, the system of rules was improved, and a kind of fistfight, which is now called English or classic boxing, spread to other countries in Europe and the world.
Boxing was included in the program of the modern Olympic Games in 1904. These were the games in St. Louis. But in the program of the Olympic Games of 1912, held in Stockholm, boxing was absent. The post-war games in Antwerp in 1920 became a turning point for this sport: men's boxing was finally entrenched as an Olympic discipline. Women's boxing was less fortunate: after the Olympics of 1904, where it was included in the demonstration program, women's boxing in the Olympic Committee was long forgotten, and it was only in 2012 that female boxers finally entered the Olympic ring.
Boxing is an unusual sports hobby
For women, boxing is still an unusual hobby, but it is gradually gaining popularity. Like any sport, boxing has its advantages and disadvantages. Boxing is good for body shape. Training boxers are highly energy intensive: for 1 hour you can burn up to 800 kcal. 2-3 weeks of active exercise is enough to noticeably lose weight. Of course, for a quick and sustainable result, physical activity must be combined with proper nutrition. In addition to burning fat, boxing contributes to the development of musculature. For a couple of months of regular workouts, you can get a flat press, beautiful tightened arms, strong buttocks and hips.
Boxing not only outwardly transform a person, but also change it from the inside. Boxing fosters character, develops willpower, improves self-control, disciplines. In boxing, you need not just to wave your hands – the head must work. To win in the ring, the athlete must be able to predict the opponent's moves, come up with various combinations, build tactics of defense and attack.
Boxing increases stress resistance and self-esteem. In the training hall and in the ring, the girl learns to defend herself, acquires the skills of self-defense. Practicing punches on a boxing bag, the athlete “blows off steam”: she throws out unnecessary aggression, removes accumulated stress – and all this without harm to herself and those around her.
Contraindications and possible injuries
Many women do not dare to do boxing, as they are not attracted by the prospect of being left without a tooth or getting a bruise under the eye. In fact, these fears, though not groundless, are somewhat exaggerated. It is more likely to be afraid of other injuries: concussion of the brain, injuries of internal organs, injuries of the upper extremities. But they are also unlikely, if you fully concentrate on training, listen to the coach in everything and use means of protection.
Select boxing as a sports hobby may prevent health contraindications. Boxing is not allowed to people with cardiovascular pathologies, lung diseases (asthma, tuberculosis), mental disorders. An obstructed course of study can be a chronic undertreated injury, diseases of bones, joints, and the spine. In doubtful cases, the issue of admission to training should be decided by a specialist doctor.
First you need to get the appropriate equipment. Suitable shoes for boxing – soft, comfortable sneakers with a sole that guarantees good grip. If a girl takes her new hobby responsibly and seriously, it is better for her to immediately buy specialized shoes – boxers. They meet the needs of the boxer as much as possible: they firmly fix the feet, absorb them, do not allow the legs to slide, they are light and durable. Clothing should provide maximum freedom of movement and have good thermoregulation. The form of boxers – T-shirt and shorts.
Even the smallest injury can have serious negative health effects. Therefore, during boxing it is necessary to secure yourself as much as possible using the entire range of protective equipment. This is especially true for beginners who have not yet mastered the technique of combat, have not learned how to walk away from blows or block them. A boxing helmet will help protect your face and head. Boxing uses helmets with varying degrees of protection. There are those who leave the face open, protecting only certain parts of the head (temples, forehead, ears). There are helmets that also cover the chin, cheekbones, cheeks. Maximum protection is provided by helmets with a bumper protecting the nose and mouth. In boxing, most of the punches are delivered to the head. The blows in the chest are not so frequent, but still women should purchase and constantly use protective breast protectors.
Gloves and bandages are used to protect hands. Gloves should sit exactly on the arm and be as comfortable as possible. Bandages fix the wrist joint and structural elements of the hand in the correct position. They reduce the risk of sprains, fractures, sprains. Hand wrapped bandages absorb sweat, prevent slipping, increase the service life of gloves, increase the impact. Bandages are stiff and elastic. Beginners better to use elastic – they stretch well and easily wound. But it is important not to overdo the winding force, so as not to pinch the blood flow in your hand.
During sparring, a boxer mouth guard is used to protect the teeth – a special pad on the jaw. Modern models are made of thermoplastic, which when heated takes on the desired shape. Before use, the cap must be “welded”. It is lowered for 30 seconds in boiling water, then dipped in cold water, put on the jaw and pressed with your fingers to the teeth. Ready-to-use mouth guard should firmly hold on the jaw, do not cause discomfort and do not interfere with the conversation.
Choosing boxing as a sports hobby will have to take care of your diet. Proper nutrition plays a crucial role in any sport – boxing is no exception. Requirements are standard: the diet should be balanced, food quality and harmless. It is necessary to consume enough protein, vitamins, minerals. The basis of the diet should be vegetables, cereals, poultry, eggs, fish, dairy products, fruits, berries.
Meals should be fractional: meals 5-6 times a day in small portions. It is desirable to sit at the table at the same time. Between food intake and exercise should be 1-1.5 hours. After training you need to wait at least 40 minutes before eating food. The athlete should drink plenty of water: at least 2 liters per day. You can drink green tea, natural juices, dogrose infusion. Boxing classes exclude alcohol.
Take the testYour fitness motivation Do not know how to motivate yourself to do fitness? Take this test and find out what you need to love it.
Used photos Shutterstock