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How to choose running shoes for fitness?

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How to choose running shoes for fitness?
The contents

  • The structural features of the sneaker for aerobic physical activity
  • The study of the pronation of the foot when choosing running shoes for fitness training
  • Categories of shoes for aerobic fitness workouts
  • Tips for choosing shoes for cross country training

The effectiveness of fitness often depends on the correct choice of equipment that allows the athlete to quickly and smoothly move. It is recommended that close attention be paid to shoes, especially on the exercises of aerobic character, where there is a large number of jumps or long run. To mitigate the impact of these movements on the joints, for training it is recommended to use shoes that are practical and comfortable type of Shoe.

Range of modern shops are able to provide models to choose from, ranging from simple pairs to a modern high-tech shoes. But athletes who care about their health, it is recommended that a more thorough and responsible approach to choices, considering such characteristics as structure and categories of sneakers as well as the type of pronation of the foot.

The structural features of the sneaker for aerobic physical activity

Modern sneakers often embody the latest achievements of the industry, providing not only security, but also improving the running performance of fans of a healthy lifestyle. A standard pair of shoes for fitness training consists of the following parts:

  • The upper zone, which is a grid, made of leather or fabric. It supports air circulation and protects against impact from the environment.
  • Soles providing shock-absorbing and stabilizing properties.
  • Heel, locking the foot.
  • The top area should contain items such as:

    • Area for your fingers.

    It allows you to bend the foot at the moment of repulsion from the surface. If this space is small, then the muscles and tendons will be limited in movement, and the end result will be the emergence of spasm and pain in the foot.

    • Heel.

    Made of plastic or composite, the main objective is the strengthening of the fixing zone heel for a stable position of the feet. Heels vary in hardness depending on the loads used in fitness classes.

    • Achilles notch.

    It is a special notch in the rear of the sneakers; it is designed to protect and support the tendon in motion.

    Running shoes outsole consists of three layers:

    • Insole/footbed.

    This is a removable part of the Shoe, creating more comfortable conditions for the placement of the foot of the athlete.

    • Midsole/midsole.

    Need to evenly distribute pressure and alleviate fiznagruzki during the run.

    • Outsole/sole.

    Sometimes called a protector is a part of the sole that is in direct contact with the surface of the earth.

    When choosing shoes you should pay attention to the profile of the sole:

  • Video sole provides good support under the arch of the foot, but has a heavy weight, which is not always convenient for the fitness training.
  • The curved sole is lighter, but provides less support.
  • Polusognutyh successfully combines the best qualities of the two previous types: light weight and good support of the foot.
  • In addition to the General structure of the Shoe must consider the individual characteristics of stop to choose for themselves the most comfortable sneakers.

    The study of the pronation of the foot when choosing running shoes for fitness training

    Pronation — is a physiologically normal position of a joint in which the mitigation of the impact of physical load on it during the movement. The most simple and affordable option test at home is a “Wet leg”. For the experiment required a sheet of paper (better take packaging brown) and water. Gently moisten the foot and put it on paper for a few seconds. If a mark on the paper is hardly noticeable, you can use the paints. The resulting prints determine the type of pronation:

    • Flat feet.

    For a picture characterized by a wide track, without a distinct curved line between the heel and toe. Excessive pronation of the foot tend to roll inward, disrupting the natural depreciation. In the case for fitness workouts, you need to choose shoes with maximum support of the foot.

    • A normal arch.

    The gap between the heel and the toe has a strong curved line, and its thickness is approximately equal to half the width of the sock. In this case we can talk about normal pronation, in which a person does not have problems while driving — suitable for standard type of sneakers.

    • The high arch.

    On the sheet will print with a very thin, sometimes interrupted by a line between the toe and heel. In this case, there is a large physical load on the lower leg, so the athlete should opt for cushioning shoes.

    In addition to the test water for the selection of the ideal fitness equipment you should examine the soles of their permanent shoes to notice the individual characteristics of the foot:

  • Weak pronation of the foot to be unfold out and push fingers is located closer to the outer part. For shoes will be characterized by a strong deterioration of the external part of the sole. In this case, the fitness classes will suit neutral running shoes.
  • In neutral pronation, the athlete pushes off the front area of the foot, so shoes characteristic uniform worn. Running fit neutral type of shoes.
  • In mild excessive pronation physical burden on toes, because the stronger the wear is on the inner side of the front part of the sole. For such people, suitable stabilizing model.
  • In severe excessive pronation is characterized by severe wear of the inner edge of the sole, especially in the area of the thumb. Athlete under a lot of pressure on the Shin, so better to give preference to shoes with “motion control” combines the high stability of the foot and soften the blow.
  • Choosing the right soles will make training safer and improve cross-country indicators of the athlete.

    Categories of shoes for aerobic fitness workouts

    All running shoes for cross-country loadings can be divided into several categories:

    • Stability.

    This type is most common among runners, as many of the them have the normal arch of the foot. This option is also suitable for people with weak Michaud, not requiring additional mitigation.

    • Depreciation.

    These sneakers are suitable for a lack of pronation, as they allow to compensate for the natural cushioning of the feet.

    • Support.

    This Shoe is perfect for athletes with flat feet. In the process of moving them there is a strong blockage of the foot inward, causing the body can soften the impact stress on the joints in a natural way. Supportive shoes will provide the necessary focus and prevents collapsing of the legs.

    • Off-road.

    If the treadmill training takes place in conditions of rugged terrain, these sneakers are a perfect choice for the athlete. They have reinforced soles, heel, strong hold, water-repellent surface and high strength, so is perfect for extreme sports.

    • Marathon.

    This type is intended for athletes with experience, as these sneakers have a reduced depreciation and almost do not provide support of the foot. Permissible weight up to 65 kg.

    Be limited to these categories impossible, but they will help a person to navigate in selecting the most appropriate pair of shoes for fitness training.

    Tips for choosing shoes for cross country training

    To ease the choice of a good pair of sneakers, it is possible to use the following practical tips:

  • When selecting sneakers, it is not necessary to be guided only by price — it is important to approach the issue of purchase of the equipment comprehensively.
  • The most practical place of purchase will be the online shop chosen brand.
  • If the shoes needed for Jogging and fitness, then buy a better model of the brand, specializing in the production of such products.
  • Before purchase it is necessary to determine your type of pronation and the arch of the foot.
  • If you weight more than 70 kg it is better to choose a pair with reinforced soles and more durable material.
  • When choosing size it is recommended to take a couple size up from their normal.
  • Bend the Shoe must match the bend of the foot. In a tight bend can damage the foot during running.
  • When choosing shoes, consider the place where you will undergo fitness training. Modern range of sneakers involves a division by the type of coverings: asphalt, flooring, soil.
  • When you purchase should pay more attention to the quality of sewing and material strength, not appearance and beauty products.

    Uses photographs Shutterstock

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