Owners of large bellies usually perceive their body weight, as an aesthetic defect, not thinking about the physiological aspects. While fat in the abdominal area threat.
Approximately 33% of American adults suffer from obesity, statistics on other countries will be as disappointing. Holders bulk bellies regularly see yourself in the mirror and assess the shortcomings of the figure. The problem is that the majority sees a big belly solely as an aesthetic flaw, not thinking about the physiological aspects. There are many medical reasons to get rid of belly fat.
Belly fat differs from fat in other parts of the body. Excess weight develops, in particular, from sediments at the waist, legs and arms, but is subcutaneous fat which is relatively harmless. Deposits on the belly is not subcutaneous, and visceral fat, it is not positioned under the skin and around the abdominal organs. Visceral fat represents a metabolically active tissue, in fact it is a separate body which operates independently, producing different substances and increases the risk of certain diseases.
The accumulation of internal fat is called abdominal obesity, is the most dangerous kind of obesity.
In the early last century doctors noted that some patients with obesity and biochemical parameters of blood are kept normal, while other patients with a moderate amount of excess weight biochemical analyzes showed deviations were observed an increased risk of developing heart disease and diabetes. The second category of patients are those with lots of visceral internal fat, men suffer from this more often than women.
Since then there have been many studies, they showed that belly fat can not be assessed, as a side effect of a sedentary lifestyle or a consequence of genetic predisposition. The presence of large amounts of internal fat suggests that chemical activity of the body is not working properly.
- The heart and abdominal organs produce a number of active substances, among them are:
- Free fatty acid – when injected into the liver, they decrease its ability to break down insulin, over time this leads to diabetes;
- Cortisone has an effect on carbohydrate metabolism and other important processes, elevated levels are associated with heart disease and diabetes;
- PAI-1 is an agent of blood clotting, increases the risk of heart attacks, heart attacks and strokes;
- CRP is a protein compound that makes blood vessels more susceptible to zakuporivaniya.
Work visceral fat imbalances in the production of these and other substances, which increases health risks. At the University of Alabama at Birmingham study was conducted with the participation of 137 men of all ages. The researchers used seven criteria for determining increased risk of cardiovascular disease, then each conducted a separate analysis. The most important risk factor for heart disease and blood vessels was not a genetic predisposition and not the level of cholesterol in the blood, a large amount of visceral fat in the abdominal region.
With a large amount of visceral fat first associated diseases such as diabetes, cancer processes, diseases of the heart and blood vessels. The list of diseases associated with abdominal obesity, has 39 diseases, each of which affects the duration and quality of life. From this it becomes clear that fat in the belly area is not a visual defect, but a serious medical problem.