What is an adaptogen?
The word “ashwagandha” and “Rhodiola”, entered the lexicon of your friends, do not apply to yoga. The names of the herbs which are attributed to the truly unique properties. They improve the immune system, increase concentration, normalize mood, and even help to cope with stress. And all thanks to a special chemical compounds in its composition. The word “adaptogen”, which unites them into one group, points to aid in adaptation (adaptation) of the organism to the environment.
Adaptogens, if you look, is not new: they have long been used in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine, but had almost not been studied, yielding only indirect evidence of work in experiments with animals. To this day it is unknown how it works: there is a specific adaptogen or combination of active substances (or of plants).
Some studies support that the use of these substances is. Found that adaptogens help the work of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and adrenal glands and so really helps reduce stress by regulating cortisol production.
About it you probably heard. It is sold in the form of a yellow-orange powder in the section with spices and well studied. It plays a role in improved metabolism and cell interactions, helping to reduce inflammation, anxiety, and even muscle spasms. However, the body is quite difficult to digest the curcumin, so specific recommendations on the admission does not exist.
The root and flowers of this plant have long been used in medicine. It is believed that ashwagandha adds energy and promotes good sleep quality, and reduces the effects of stress. Recommended by the Institute of health USA dose of 300 mg twice a day. It is desirable to take pregnant women and people with hypertension.
3. The roots of the poppy
This Peruvian root enhances libido, improves hormonal balance and helps to save energy. However, while it is not well understood, and there is information that the use of Maca powder can affect the thyroid gland. But it definitely has vitamin C, potassium, iron and anthocyanins.
Coffee with the addition of some varieties of mushroom is gaining popularity. It is believed that Cordyceps helps the immune system and muscle, the latter confirmed by a small study involving athletes.
Ginseng root has been popular at the dawn of perestroika — and returned with new properties. It is known that it helps to regulate the level of sex hormones and increases fertility. However, it is not recommended to use constantly because of the side effects: headaches and pressure increase.
The roots of this plant help to maintain the balance of dopamine and serotonin, preventing “burnout”. There are unconfirmed reports about the successes in the fight against chronic fatigue.
7. Holy Basil (tulasi, Tulsi)
This plant is a relative of the usual Basil. It is rich in antioxidants, helps to cope with stress and improve mood. Experiments on mice showed a positive effect in diabetes and metabolic syndrome, but people is not verified.
Whether to take adaptogens?
Add them to food is simple: for example, to drink tea from the Holy Basil or sprinkle the meat with turmeric. The negative effects are mainly from an overdose or because of the low quality of the product itself. In any case, before taking is better to consult with your doctor or a competent nutritionist.
The effect of adaptogens is not guaranteed, so if you fear that you might hurt yourself, better not to take. But in General, the likelihood of side effects is small, and dosages of micronutrients in the adaptogens low.