What is a migraine?
It is a brain disease which is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms and they can last from four hours to three days. The cause of migraine is not disclosed, but experts believe that play a role and genetics, and the environment. Symptoms appear due to changes in chemical activity in the brain that affect the Central and peripheral nervous system.
How to distinguish migraine from ordinary the pain? Have migraines have certain symptoms before, during and after an attack, but not all people experience the full set of them. These symptoms may increase gradually or begin suddenly. Sometimes it starts at night and the person wakes up with a migraine.
There are some obvious differences between migraine headache, and if you started something like that- don’t rush to take painkillers, hoping that everything will pass and turn to a good doctor.
1. A strong surge
This symptoms say that you can feel the pulse in my head. Or put a finger to his temple and to feel the movement of blood through the veins. People with developed imagination can feel like your head is ready to explode. Normal headache is often accompanied by a dull pain, which interferes with life.
2. Pain on one side
Migraine are bilateral, but most often only right or left, unlike a headache. Why only one — is unclear. Perhaps this is due to the trigeminal nerves (one on each side), and during a migraine starts only one.
3. Flashes of light before my eyes
During a migraine the brain passes through a weak electric wave, decreases blood flow to the brain, his work slows down. About 25% of patients can see the so-called aura before or during the attack. It manifests itself as disturbances of vision: flashes of light and color, the dispersion of images on the pixels flash on one side of the field of view, colored zigzags… With the usual headache this almost never happens.
4. Weakness and tingling
Can manifest and touch the aura that is accompanied by numbness, tingling and even a weakening of the half of the body. Some becomes hard to find the words to speak — a condition reminiscent of the stroke, not being them.
Happens to many migraine sufferers. In severe cases, vomiting. It was found that the gastrointestinal tract has its own nervous system, and when you turn the nerves in the brain, there is also going to work. It is believed that during attacks the digestive tract slows down somewhat.
6. Sensitivity to smells
During a migraine the brain is highly excited, the senses are sharpened and you can see, hear and feel more. That is why patients are advised to lie down in a dark quiet room.
7. The disease interferes with life
Migraine is not just headache. It really prevents lead a normal life, forcing to violate the agreement not to go to work.
8. Feel very tired
At all stages of migraine have a feeling that even a gallon of coffee to help you Wake up. Brain trying to escape from the pain, and this requires energy.
9. Driving the neck
Trigeminal nerve sends signals to the brain and in the spine, which can be very sore neck.